Technology is here to save people from dialysis. In two years we will be able to see bionic kidneys and people will no longer need to be on waiting lists for a kidney transplant. The first bionic kidney has been invented by a research team and it will successfully replace any diseased kidney. Here is how it was discovered, how it works and how it can be inserted. The method is truly revolutionary!
20. Nanotechnology Used in Medicine
At the core of the bionic kidney, there are 15 silicon microchips that act as filters. They are built in layers and act as a scaffold that contains living renal cells. These cells will grow around the filters and the whole device will do the same job as a normal living kidney does.
19. This Device Replaces Damaged Kidneys
The bionic kidney will filter out the toxins from the blood, exactly as a normal kidney would do. By having a bionic kidney surgically inserted, people on dialysis will no longer have to suffer while they wait for a living kidney transplant. But will it work on every sick person?
18. Kidney Failure
Some cases of kidney failure can be treated and they get back to normal. But when it is progressing the damage is irreversible and the patient must be put on dialysis or have a transplant.
17. A Small Device to Solve a Huge Health Problem
But the team of researchers from the University of California and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center has started giving hope to millions of patients that have kidney failure and wait for dialysis. Here’s how everything started!
16. A Well Spent Funding
A couple of years ago, this project got from the National Institute of health a $6 million grant and the team has put it to good use. Their prototype of the bionic kidney has been successful and they intend to start human trials this year. Check out the team behind the amazing invention!
15. Normal Kidney Transplant
Kidney transplantation is necessary when the patient is in end-stage renal disease. In most of the cases, the kidneys that fail are not removed. The new kidney is placed in a different location and gets connected to the veins and bladder. As weirdly as it sounds, this is how it works.
14. Common Surgery Required
As you can see in the image, the scientists have thought of everything: the device will be small, it will filter the blood from toxins and it will have kidney cells to regulate the chemical balance of the blood.
13. Biomedical Engineer Helps With Fluid Dynamics
One of the challenges of this device was that the blood had to be pushed through the device with no clotting or damaging it. This is where fluid dynamics comes to save the prototype. This wouldn’t have been possible without the biomedical engineer behind it. Check it out at #8.
12. Medical Technology Will End Dialysis
Dialysis is of two types: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. A person can get dialysis to help with filtering the blood, but it will not cure the kidneys. So, people with kidney failure will have to go through the dialysis treatment their whole lives. But not anymore!
11. Live Kidney Transplants
People can get a kidney from organ donors. The kidneys come from a deceased donor or a living one. Every country has a different kidney transplant program and most of the limits include age and good health (aside from having the kidney disease). Here’s what doctors say…
10. Dr. Shuvro Roy
Dr. Shuvro Roy of the University of California is a member of the Kidney Project and has integrated components into their small device that will mimic the actions of a live kidney.
9. William H. Fissel
William Fissell, M.D., is on the same team. This is the latest iteration of the implantable artificial kidney bionic kidney. Let’s see the other team member that worked on fluid dynamics.
8. Amanda Bucks
Biomedical engineer Amanda Bucks figured out that for the bionic kidney to function correctly, it had to be able to stream blood without clotting or obstruct its flow. So, she used fluid dynamics to check if the device had such areas.
7. Zero Rejection
The best thing about the bionic kidney is that there is no rejection factor. The device works properly and is doing a great job in balancing both the levels of potassium and sodium and also regulates blood pressure. Can it help with kidney stones?
6. Painful Kidneys
Sometimes a person can feel different symptoms, like a pain in the back, groin, pain on urination, smelly and pink/red/brown urine and more. That happens when they have a kidney stone and it moves in the kidney or when it passes into the ureter. This doesn’t mean that the person’s kidneys are failing.
5. A Small Stone Causes Severe Symptoms
As the stone moves inside the urinary tract, the pain will change and shift to a different place or have an increased intensity. It is recommended to get checked by a doctor and get the required treatment. This is the best way to check if the kidneys are properly functioning. How dangerous kidney failure really is?
4. Untreated Kidney Failure is Deadly
This is a world map that shows us the places where there are more concentrated numbers of patients with kidney failure. Unfortunately, not many people can get dialysis or a transplant, so they die. But the bionic kidney will soon put an end to this high mortality.
3. The Device Will Be Ready For Clinical Trials
The project coordinator, Stephanie Brummet, along with the team have finally created something to be proud of. She stated that she met ‘thousands of kidney patients, their friends, and families, all of whom have all truly changed my life’.
2. Reducing Complications and Costs
Patients will no longer have to undergo painful dialysis treatments and take a lifetime medication and immunosuppressants. They will finally get a kidney that their body will accept. No more waiting lists or high expenses.
1. There are Only Benefits of the Bionic Kidney
A bionic kidney will do everything a live one does and will not put the patient to a risk of infection, it offers continued treatment and it only needs a single surgery for connecting it to the human body.